Now Playing: ELIMINATING OF CHILDLABOUR THROUGH EDUCATION
People’s Institute of rural development - PIRD is implementing the project ‘Elimination of Child Labor through Education’ in 30 Villages of Chakur tehsil of Latur district with the help of United Way of Mumbai. The villages include Hanmant(Jwalga), Himpalner, Hali, Shivankhed, Zari, Jadhala, Gharani, Naigaon, Takalgaon, belgaon, Algarwadi, Mandurki, Bothi, Kalkoti, Ashta, Ajansonda, Atola, Nageshwadi, Ujalamb, Janwal, Wadwal, Mahalangra, Ajansondha, Chapoli, Umarga (Yelladevi), Hadoli, Rohina, Shelgaon, Wadgaon, Dongraj. Elimination of Child Labor through Education all the activities required to given smooth start to the program. This would include appointment of competent and efficient professionals in the respective fields. First the organization has appointed qualified Staff, and given training. The training of the staff and motivating them to give out the best for the cause and we finally conducted a survey to gauge the needs and requirements of target community so as to plan out organization implementing further activities.
Initial Process taken by Org./Project
The organization has appointed Staff and the responsibilities of staff are:-
Program Coordinator (1):- The program Coordinator shoulding the responsibility of smooth and efficient implementation of project. He is assigning the duties and explains their role to each one of them for the said program and also coordinates their activities to attain the chalked out aims and objectives for the same. Field Workers (5):- The field workers are involved in co-ordinating all the activities undertaken for the said project. They are acting as interface between the organisation and the beneficiaries and study and analyze the impact of the program and short conveys if any. Alternative suggestions would be given by them and follow up activities of the same as per requirement of her project. Organizes(30):- he/ she is responsible fin study center maintaining Accounts cum office Assistant:- The accounts cum-office Assistant is responsible for maintain the accounts of other relevant document of the project. Labour survey on Village Level: We had first of all undertaken wide survey regarding child labour on village level in entire 30 villages. There were we find total 710 child labourers in 30 villages.by the survey we find 466 boys and 244 girls were working as child labour. More than 5o% child labourers comes from Sc Community.
Meeting with organisers of study centers
First meeting was called on 27th Feb., 2007 of all connected with the Programme. During the meeting Discussed on Proposed plan of Project, Structure of project, Objective & Programmes of Project, Role of concern Staff, Project Implementation and monitoring system and Achivements of project. Meetings for Teacher Cum Organizers were held every months in regularly on 5th day of Month.
Slogans at Village Level :-In order to generate awareness amongst the parents about the need for education, slogans were written on walls and other public places in 30 villages. The slogan appealed to the parents to send their children to school, to treat boys and girls without bias, to realise that education was necessary for a bright future of the child, and the need to nurture the child to live a life of dignity.
Distribution of Material.:- In the thirty villages covered in the project, material required in the class rooms and study groups, such as chalk, blackboard, pencils, notebooks, etc was distributed. Home Visits with Parents. :-To encourage the drop outs to rejoin the school, visits were made to the parents of such children. The misconception amongst the parents about schooling was removed and efforts were made to get the children to start liking school. What efforts should be taken to decrease the number of dropouts and how to increase number the rejoining school was discussed. School registration of children in the age group 6 to9 was taken up. Also, ways to free children in the age group 7 to 18 from the bonds of labour, and take them into the schooling pattern were discussed, mainly by generating awareness amongst the parents. The parents gave us their opinion about the schooling methods during this meeting.
Implemented Programme and Events.Implementing the project “Elimnation of Child Labour Through Education”, the following main activities were he also1. Educational Awareness Campaign for Eradication of child labourThe “Educational Awareness Campaign for Eradication of child labour is the most important activity in the project. It encompasses
- Generating awareness amongst the parents about education.
- Generating interest and liking for education amongst the children,
- Act for child labour prevention and eradication at the village level.
Campaign Training and Methodology
A training programme was held on 1st and 2nd May for the project staff and volunteers. In this training keeping in mind the objective of the campaign, we discussed & planned regarding duration, campaign activities, role of volunteers, village level people participation, the need to spend at least 3 days in each village (total 30 villages). In this training programme the following topics were covered: the problem of child labourers, efforts made by the Government and other organisations to eradicate child labour, laws relating to child labour and their implementation, importance of education, the role of village education committees, etc. In consultation with the resource persons the following programme for the campaign was worked out.
Implementation of the Campaign Programme
Activities with Children. Both school going and out of school (working as labourers) were contacted and problems relating to the school, schooling were discussed. Entertainment programmes and competitions were arranged. Of all the participants in the campaign, we got the best co-operation from children, Altogether 3495 children, out of which 131 were girls, took part. Meetings with Different Village Groups. As planned, in each village meetings were held with the village education committee, women and youth groups. Topics covered were conditions in the school, their attitude towards schooling, child labour Etc. In these meetings spontaneous and the best response was from women. In the thirty villages where such meetings were held, 15 to 45 women took part. Next in matter of taking interest was the group of the young. The most disappointing response was from the very people on whom the responsibility for education rested, namely the Village Education Committee. The women said that they would participate in the future also. Please see Appendices for more details. Public Meetings (GRAM SABHA). At least two village meetings or gatherings were held in each village. Guidance was given using video shows. In such meetings a number of notable people, teachers, doctors, lawyers, social workers, farm labourers etc took part. All of them contributed their thought on the questions of child labour and its eradication through education. Participation by Volunteers. A total of 35 volunteers helped in running the campaign successfully. In each village, volunteers from the village also took part and showed their interest in the objectives of the campaign. Organiser’s Training Programme on Litercy. This programme was held in the premises of Residential School for the Disabled. The topics discussed were: social awareness, developmental awareness, teacher – student relationship, responsibilities of the teachers, school and class room atmosphere, Marathi and Arithmetic, literacy, teaching methodology etc. For this programme Shri. R.E. Khandagale of the State resource Centre, Aurangabad, Mr. SP Kulkarni, Mr.VS Lahane, and the President of PIRD, Shri Macchindra Gojamae took part and gave in depth guidance.
2. Appeal to take Advantage of Residential Schools. Boys from socially and economically backward class could not join school due to certain difficulties. PIRD was prepared to help such boys who wanted to get admitted to class 5th to 12th. A leaflet stating the above and requesting parents to get in touch with PIRD was distributed in villages. Village wise visits were also undertaken to explain the above
3. Re-admission of Child Labourers to School
Using the medium of the programme of Eliminating Child labour Through Education study centres were conducted regularly in 30 villages during March to July. In addition Educational Awareness Campaign programme was conducted between 7 May and 11 June.2007. During the course of this activity our workers and resource persons met the parents held talks with them, generated awareness amongst them regarding the importance of education. As a result of this 65 child Labourers out of a total of 710, In the Project Eliminating Child labour Through Education, the main emphasis was on admission of school drop out and child Labourers in schools. Also to arrange free admissions to poor and needy students in residential schools. During this period representatives of The United Way, Mumbai, namely Mr Charu Jain and Ravi Rajure visited the on-going programme.
4. “Dharane” Satyagraha On the Child Labour Day, 30th April, a satyagraha was staged jointly by PIRD and the State’s programme for eradication of child labour, at the Tehsil office in Chakur, District Latur. It was resolved that the State should be urged to undertake widespread schemes in his respect. The following demands were made..1. Various programmes for eradication of child labour, establishing village schools and for effecting universal literacy be vigorously implemented.2. A free hostel facility should be provided for needy children 3. The Child Labour Act of 1986 should be strictly enforced.4. Landless labours be given work throughout the year.5. Children who have been freed from child labour should be rehabilitated through schooling or job oriented training.6. A comprehensive central act. be enacted to protect farm workers..A memorandum listing the above demands was presented to the Tehsildar5. 17 GramSabha in one Day.: - With solidarity of Wada Na Todo 17 Gramsabhaswere held on 17th OCT in 17 Villages the programe is highleted with Millinium goal regarding education, Employment, Health & human rights. Thease gramsabhas were called by concern villages on requiest of PIRD.Various resolutions passed by gramsabhas about education of children and their health, employment for labourer and women & dalit Rights.
6. Bal Panchayat:-
Special Bal Panchayat Sabhas were held on on World human Rights Day on 10th December 2007 in 25 Villages. The programe is highleted with rights of Children , specially education and Health about children. In such programme a number of notable people, teachers, social workers, farm labourer’s etc took part. All of them contributed their thought on the questions of child labour and its eradication through education and Health. We invited Gram Sarpanchs in every village and discursed about their village children their problems and we planed number of programs for children in different sectors like health , education, sports).
7. Balika Shikshan Din Programme In spite of undertaking various activities for Girls Education, it has not been possible to make any major breakthrough in certain difficult pockets, especially those dominated by population from the SC/ST/Other Backward Classes / Minority communities. In some of the areas, migratory population, or the practice of child labour have posed major problems. The most important factor that has Retention and Quality Assurance for girls is the societal attitude towards the necessity of educating the girl child, especially at the upper primary level. A Programme was organized on 3rd December at Ajansonda Kh) by project staff and a number of notable people, social workers, farm labourer’s etc took part (The birthday of Savitri Phulle) this programme we organized some events in sports.
8. School Drop Outs Survey – 2007-08 We all of knows thre is regular school drop outs in our society. We are trying to find what is the percentage of current year of drop outs in our project area ? as well as we are going to search what are the real reasons of school drop outs in the year 2007-08. The survey is in progress. Hence the PRID has been designed for undertaking more intensive gender interventions in Future Special attention is paid to adolescent girls through the proposed development of supplementary teaching material that will include material on women achievers, nutrition, sanitation, Ivironment, gender and legal issues.
Training Programmes & other Activities
- Organiser’s Training Programme on Litercy. This programme was held in the premises of Residential School for the Disabled. The topics discussed were: social awareness, developmental awareness, teacher – student relationship, responsibilities of the teachers, school and class room atmosphere, Marathi and Arithmetic, literacy, teaching methodology etc. For this programme Shri. R.E. Khandagale of the State resource Centre, Aurangabad, Mr. SP Kulkarni, Mr.VS Lahane, and the President of PIRD, Shri Macchindra Gojamae took part and gave in depth guidance
2.. Training of Study Centre Staff
Thirty organisers from the Study Centres in the project villages attended a one day, and a two day, training session in the month of September. Improving their skills, strengthening their inter-action with children, and teaching using simple, interesting and Entertaining methods were the areas covered. The sessions, or seminars, were held on 1st, and, 22nd and 23rd September.
2. Training of Gram Shikhan Samiti Staff In the last phase of the campaign for elimination of child labour through education conducted by PIRD the objective projected before the Gram Shikshan Samiti was that not a single child should be out of school and not a single child should be engaged in labour. For this purpose it is necessary to arrange training for the staff of the Samiti and this was what PIRD was engaged in for the past two months. The programme got delayed due to rains, holidays and lack of resource persons. Ultimately it was held on 30th September, 2007 at the taluka village Chakur. Three representatives from each of the village study groups were invited In fact only 25 representatives attended.In some villages the impending Gram Panchayat elections came in the way of representatives attending..In this programme the topics covered were : organisation of the Gram Shikshan Samiti, its functioning, its aims and its responsibilities. Shri Vaijanath Surnar and Subhash Motheroa, the project director, conducted the proceedings. There was also a question and answer session. Because of this those present could get a good idea of the working of the Gram Shikshan Samiti. The staff of the samitis became more aware of their duties and responsibilities. They were also expected to keep a eye on the working of the village school, check the efforts made by the teachers, parents and wards to get the drop outs back into school. The should establish a dialogue with these persons and ensure that, as far as possible, there is no dilution in the education process. During the course of the programme the participants said that they were, till then, not aware of the importance of the Samiti. Our signatures were obtained on the school register. The headmaster did not call for any meetings with us. In future we shall take more interest in the working of the school.
Evaluation of the Organisers Cum Teachers and Training of Study Centre Staff
In order to increase the performance levels of the organisers and motivate them to train themselves more, a performance appraisal was done. A test was conducted and the organisers were asked to solve a question paper covering the village, taluka, district and state and country level awareness, history, arithmetic, geography and other subjects. The examinees were expected to give one line answers. Nearly 70 % f the organisers came up to expectations. The remaining 30 % were given guidance on how they could improve their studies. Those securing the first three places were felicitated. The organisers stated that they should continue to get guidance on increasing their performance levels. They expressed the hope that they would be able to establish rapport with the audience, face them with confidence. They hopes that they would be given training to secure these objectives. Thirty organisers from the Study Centres in the project villages attended a one day, and a two day, training session in the month of September. Improving their skills, strengthening their inter-action with children, and teaching using simple, interesting and Entertaining methods were the areas covered. The sessions, or seminars, were held on 1st, and, 22nd and 23rd September.
Inspection of Study Centers of the Village levelA regular feature of the project is to observe the working of the village level study groups. Visits, at least two or three every month, are paid to all the study groups in all the villages falling under the PIRD Project. During these observation visits the working of the group, its regular functioning, the attendance of students, availability of the required study material, the progress made by students and such items are covered. Information on work which is done at the village level as a whole, is also provided and assistance taken of other persons and organisations.
Distribution of Study Material to Study GroupsAt the time of the formation of the Study groups, class room material was initially provided. This included black boards, slates, copy books, pencils, chalk, drawing paper, drawing pencils, colour pencils, etc. Light kits for the class rooms and registers, attendance register etc were also given. At this initial stage material which would enable teaching to become interesting and related to day to day life had not been provided to child workers. Hence such special material was procured. It included calendars, alphabet and numerical charts and blocks, vocabulary charts, multiplication tables, charts listing numbers from one to hundred, English alphabet and words, mathematical symbols etc. A session was held to show how this material should be used while teaching children. All this has led to the belief that the children of the study groups will speedily benefit. Along with study material, each study group was given a set of 12 to 15 books. These books were such that the newly literate would be able to read them without difficulty and interest in reading would come about in different age groups. The books were of stories, poems, picture stories, biographies of great men, health topics, nature, and social issues. In addition some books which would prove useful to the organisers of the study groups and the parents, were also given.
Project Visit by United Way of Mumbai
The united Way of Mumbai team visited two times in during the project period. Charu Jain and Ravi Rajure from the United Way of Mumbai visited the project on 6th and 7th July 2007.Sibani Sachdeva, Director of the United Way of Mumbai herself visited on 5th Jan.2008 They are satisfed with organization work .
We surely have plans to expand the project considering the problems they encounter. Our Organization is very thankful to UNITED WAY OF MUMBAI for giving support to run it smoothly and also support to ELIMINATING OF CHILDLABOUR THROUGH EDUCATION , which makes their life happy and comfortable. And also thank to all sponsors.